Ulcerative colitis is usually only in the innermost lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. Forms range from mild to severe. Having ulcerative colitis puts a patient at increased risk of developing colon cancer.

Symptoms include rectal bleeding, bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and pain.

Treatment includes medications and surgery.

A chronic, inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation in the digestive tract.

  • UC
  • colitis ulcerosa
  • colitis gravis

Consult a doctor for medical advice

Sources:  Mayo Clinic and others.


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Cases per year

Fewer than 200,000 US cases per year

Treatment can help, but this condition can't be cured

Requires a medical diagnosis

Lab tests or imaging always required

Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong

Urgent medical attention recommended

Common for ages 18-35

Family history may increase likelihood

Diagnosis involves

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