Menopause is signaled by 12 months since last menstruation.
Common symptoms include hot flashes and vaginal dryness. There may also be sleep disturbances. The combination of these symptoms can cause anxiety or depression.
Menopause is a natural process with treatments that focus on symptomatic relief. Vaginal dryness is treated with topical lubricants or estrogens. Medications aimed at reducing the severity and frequency of hot flashes include venlafaxine and gabapentin. In special circumstances, oral hormone therapy may be prescribed.
Consult a doctor for medical advice
Sources: Mayo Clinic and others.
More than 3 million cases per year in US
Can often be self-treated
Rarely requires lab test or imaging
Urgent medical attention recommended
Common for ages 40 and older