Pain and inflammation occur when too much uric acid crystallizes and deposits in the joints.
Symptoms of gout include severe pain, redness, and swelling in joints, often the big toe. Attacks can come suddenly, often at night.
During an acute attack, anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) can help to relieve pain and shorten the length of the attack. Patients with chronic gout can use behavioral modification such as diet, exercise, and decreased intake of alcohol to help minimize the frequency of attacks. Additionally, patients with chronic gout are often put on medications such as colchicine.
- gouty arthritis
- acute gouty arthritis
Consult a doctor for medical advice
Sources: Mayo Clinic and others.
More than 3 million US cases per year
Treatable by a medical professional
Requires a medical diagnosis
Lab tests or imaging often required
More common in males
Can last several days or weeks
Common for ages 35-50
Family history may increase likelihood
Diagnosis involves physical examination, medical history review and other tests.