Low Back

Pain or ache in the lower region of the back, varying in intensity.

  • Lumbago
  • Low back pain

Common causes

Low back pain is not always related to an underlying condition. It may be caused by:

  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Sudden jerks in a motor vehicle
  • Excessive strain on the muscle due to prolonged sitting or wrong positioning while sleeping
  • Prolonged use of high heel shoes
  • Also common during pregnancy, before/during menstruation


Self Treatment

Self-treatment: Self- care steps that may be helpful in some less- serious cases:

  • Apply muscle relaxant ointments or sprays
  • Try resting the back for a while
  • Avoid heavy physical activities for couple of days
  • Apply heat or cold compress - depending on what soothes the body
  • Try over the counter pain relievers like ibuprofen
  • Avoid jerky or painful movements
  • Observe the pain location and intensity, whether the pain is constant or appears during certain activities like bending, stretching and such


See a doctor if you notice:

  • Persistent pain for over 72 hours
  • Recurrent pain
  • Spreading of pain to other regions like leg, arms or neck
  • Difficulty sleeping, sitting or disturbance in daily activities


See a doctor immediately if you notice:

  • Severe and unbearable pain
  • Injury
  • Other symptoms like fatigue, fever etc

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