Discomfort, pain or inflammation arising from any part of a joint including cartilage, bone, ligaments, tendons or muscles.

  • Arthralgia
  • Joint pain

Common causes

Joint pain is not always related to an underlying condition. It may be caused by:

  • Joint, bone or soft tissue injuries: such as fracture or damage to the surrounding muscles, tendons or ligaments
  • Sprains and strains
  • Heavy physical activity
  • Lack of use or over use of muscles


Self Treatment

Self-treatment: Self- care steps that may be helpful in some less- serious cases:

  • Avoid using the joint in ways that cause or worsen pain
  • Apply ice to the painful joint for 15 to 20 minutes few times each day
  • Apply a heating pad, soak in a warm tub or take a warm shower to relax muscles and increase circulation
  • Try an over- the- counter pain reliever, such as ibuprofen


See a doctor if you notice:

  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Tenderness and warmth around the joint
  • Pain does not subside after enough rest


See a doctor immediately if you notice:

  • Joint deformity
  • Inability to use the Joint
  • Intense pain
  • Sudden swelling

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