Elbow

Pain associated with the elbow joint which usually due to strained or inflamed soft tissues such as tendons.

  • Elbow pain

Common causes

Elbow pain is not always related to an underlying condition. It may be caused by:

  • Repetitive strain injuries
  • Lack of strength or flexibility in the forearm muscles
  • Lack of strength in the shoulder muscles
  • Instability of the elbow joint
  • Poor technique during sporting activities (especially tennis and golf)
  • Inappropriate sporting equipment
  • Repetitive movements of the hands and arms, such as working on an assembly line
  • Elbow fracture

Treatment

Self Treatment

Self-treatment: Self- care steps that may be helpful in some less- serious cases:

  • Protect- Keep the area from getting further injury and avoid pressure on the area
  • Rest- Avoid the activity that caused your injury
  • Ice- Place an ice pack on the sore area for 15 to 20 minutes three times a day
  • Compression- Use a compression bandage to reduce swelling
  • Elevation- Keep your arm elevated to help reduce swelling
  • Taking over the counter pain medication

Doctor

See a doctor if you notice:

  • Pain & swelling do not improve with home remedies or simple pain killers
  • Tingling, numbness or weakness in the arm or little finger
  • Pain occurs even when arm is not in use

Urgent

See a doctor immediately if you notice:

  • Severe pain that stops movement of the arm, swelling, fever, heat and redness
  • Obvious deformity with pain and swelling
  • Protruding bone

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