Ache, strain, and discomfort in the back. Physical discomfort occurring anywhere on the spine or back, ranging from mild to disabling.

  • Back ache
  • Back strain
  • Discomfort in the back
  • Back pain

Common causes

Back pain is not always related to an underlying condition. It may be caused by:

  • Injury
  • Strained muscles
  • Standing or sitting for unusually long periods
  • Pregnancy


Self Treatment

Self-treatment: Self- care steps that may be helpful in some less- serious cases:

  • Rubbing an anti- inflammatory and analgesic gel
  • Use of an ice pack to relieve pain
  • Proper sleeping positions that cause less strain on the spine
  • Learning what triggers the back pain and alleviating it
  • Use of a hot compress to minimize pain
  • Rest from straining activities


See a doctor if you notice:

  • Numbness or tingling
  • Pain spreads down to one or both legs especially below the knee
  • Disturbance in bowel or bladder habits


See a doctor immediately if you notice:

  • Fever
  • The back pain after a fall, trauma or being hit by a blunt object

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